How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

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TheMacGuy
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How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by TheMacGuy »

Hello everyone, I got error by Mac OS X 1.0 setup. It says 'Mac OS X Server cannot be installed on this computer.'.
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adespoton
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by adespoton »

https://virtuallyfun.com/wordpress/2018 ... s-on-qemu/

And more importantly:

https://www.emaculation.com/doku.php/pp ... mu-for-osx

Check the part talking about the settings required for server. Also, ensure you're using a build of QEMU that will run Server.
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Cat_7
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

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TheMacGuy
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by TheMacGuy »

Cat_7 and adespoton,

When load Mac OS X Server 1.0:
Trying cd:,\\:tbxi...
this image is not for this platformNo valid state has been set by load or init-program
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by Cat_7 »

Only Server 1.2v3 can be installed, others seem to require hardware Qemu doesn't emulate.

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TheMacGuy
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by TheMacGuy »

Cat_7 Mac OS X Server 1.2 cannot load:
qemu-system-ppc: Trying to execute code outside RAM or ROM at 0x12181020
This usually means one of the following happened:

(1) You told QEMU to execute a kernel for the wrong machine type, and it crashed on startup (eg trying to run a raspberry pi kernel on a versatilepb QEMU machine)
(2) You didn't give QEMU a kernel or BIOS filename at all, and QEMU executed a ROM full of no-op instructions until it fell off the end
(3) Your guest kernel has a bug and crashed by jumping off into nowhere

This is almost always one of the first two, so check your command line and that you are using the right type of kernel for this machine.
If you think option (3) is likely then you can try debugging your guest with the -d debug options; in particular -d guest_errors will cause the log to include a dump of the guest register state at this point.

Execution cannot continue; stopping here.
My batch file:

Code: Select all

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -m 256 -M mac99 -prom-env “boot-args=-v” -prom-env “auto-boot?=true” -prom-env “vga-ndrv?=true” -hda MacOS.img -cdrom mac_osx_server12.iso -sdl -device usb-mouse -device adb-keyboard -boot d
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by Cat_7 »

Just follow the steps here:

Mac OS X Server 1.2v3

Installation requires several steps:
Step 1: boot from installation CD, use disk utility to partition disk as Apple Server, Start the installation and let it fail. Quit Qemu and reboot with command line in step 2.

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot d -M mac99,via=pmu-adb -m 256 -net none -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -prom-env "vga-ndrv?=true" -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -sdl -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2

Step 2: initial installation (note machine and CPU, otherwise no desktop is shown).

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot d -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=false" -net none -sdl -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso

At the boot prompt enter "boot cd:9,\\:tbxi" Initial installation starts. Quit Qemu after completion.

Step 3: Installation continued. Boot with the following command line to complete the installation.

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot c -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -net none -sdl -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso

Step 4: Boot the installed system:

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot c -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -net none -sdl -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso
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celebi23
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by celebi23 »

Cat_7 wrote:Just follow the steps here:

Mac OS X Server 1.2v3

Installation requires several steps:
Step 1: boot from installation CD, use disk utility to partition disk as Apple Server, Start the installation and let it fail. Quit Qemu and reboot with command line in step 2.

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot d -M mac99,via=pmu-adb -m 256 -net none -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -prom-env "vga-ndrv?=true" -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -sdl -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2

Step 2: initial installation (note machine and CPU, otherwise no desktop is shown).

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot d -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=false" -net none -sdl -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso

At the boot prompt enter "boot cd:9,\\:tbxi" Initial installation starts. Quit Qemu after completion.

Step 3: Installation continued. Boot with the following command line to complete the installation.

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot c -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -net none -sdl -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso

Step 4: Boot the installed system:

qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot c -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -net none -sdl -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso
So, I'm stuck on this screen for Step 3:
Image

How long does it normally take to get to the other installation part?
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by Cat_7 »

Hi,

Did the installation in step 2 install stuff? I noticed the disk could not be found to install to if I didn't at least start the installation from CD image in step 1 and let it fail.
After that, the installation in step 2 succeeded. You have to wait for the installation to show that it has synced disks and is about to restart. Then I could boot to the second phase installer in step 3.

What is your command line for step 3? Do you use -g to set the graphics size?

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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by celebi23 »

Cat_7 wrote:Hi,

Did the installation in step 2 install stuff? I noticed the disk could not be found to install to if I didn't at least start the installation from CD image in step 1 and let it fail.
After that, the installation in step 2 succeeded. You have to wait for the installation to show that it has synced disks and is about to restart. Then I could boot to the second phase installer in step 3.

What is your command line for step 3? Do you use -g to set the graphics size?

Best,
Cat_7
Yep, I saw the same thing. Started the installation from the CD after formatting the drive, letting it fail, quitting qemu and then using the Step 2 command line stuff. I waited until this screen to quit qemu and start Step 3:
Image

Am I quitting qemu too soon? It just sits at that screen for a long time. I don't think I've seen it ever get beyond that. Does qemu just quit by itself if it tries to reboot? (I honestly forget if it does that or not). Here are the command lines that I’m using

Step 1 (formatting the drive):
./qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot d -M mac99,via=pmu-adb -m 256 -net none -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -prom-env "vga-ndrv?=true" -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -g 1024x768x32

Step 2 (installation part 1):
./qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot d -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=false" -net none -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso -g 1024x768x32

Step 3 (installation part 2):
./qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot c -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -net none -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso -g 1024x768x32

Step 4 (booting from the HD):
./qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot c -M g3beige -cpu G3 -m 256 -prom-env "boot-args=-v" -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -net none -hda OSXServer1.2v3.qcow2 -cdrom OSXServer1.2v3.iso -g 1024x768x32

I’m using Qemu-3.0.0-OSX-14-08-2018.zip. I used the “qemu_vga_NO256.ndrv” from the “vga-driver” folder. I feel like I'm missing something but I'm not sure what.
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by Cat_7 »

There is no need to copy the qemu video driver, as the one in the pc-bios folder is the same as the NO256 one.

At step 2, you should wait until "continuing" as you did. At this phase, qemu doesn't restart by itself.
I would suggest you try step 3 without the -g 1024x768x32

I now redid the installation in Linux and Windows, and both succeeded. I'll retry in OSX later to see whether there are issues on that platform.

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celebi23
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by celebi23 »

Cat_7 wrote:There is no need to copy the qemu video driver, as the one in the pc-bios folder is the same as the NO256 one.

At step 2, you should wait until "continuing" as you did. At this phase, qemu doesn't restart by itself.
I would suggest you try step 3 without the -g 1024x768x32

I now redid the installation in Linux and Windows, and both succeeded. I'll retry in OSX later to see whether there are issues on that platform.

Best,
Cat_7
Ah, gotcha. Ok. I'll try that. Thanks!
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by Cat_7 »

Hi,

I just redid the installation in OSX. With the inclusion of the additional start of the installation at Step 1 it went correctly.

At step2 I saw:
continuing
done
md_shutdown_devices() called.

and I then shut down Qemu. However, I did not see those additional lines in other installations.

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celebi23
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by celebi23 »

Cat_7 wrote:Hi,

I just redid the installation in OSX. With the inclusion of the additional start of the installation at Step 1 it went correctly.

At step2 I saw:
continuing
done
md_shutdown_devices() called.

and I then shut down Qemu. However, I did not see those additional lines in other installations.

Best,
Cat_7
Hmm, ok. So, Step 3 went as it should? It didn't hang forever on that screen I posted? What Mac version of qemu did you use? Also, what were your command line setups for each step? Anything different compared to what I posted?
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by Cat_7 »

I followed your command lines exactly and also failed on step 3.

I think I found the issue. The installation in OSX doesn't like the qcow2 image to install to. Please try with a raw image. You can make one like this:
./qemu-img create -f raw -o size=2G OSXServer1.2v3.img

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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by celebi23 »

Cat_7 wrote:I followed your command lines exactly and also failed on step 3.

I think I found the issue. The installation in OSX doesn't like the qcow2 image to install to. Please try with a raw image. You can make one like this:
./qemu-img create -f raw -o size=2G OSXServer1.2v3.img

Best,
Cat_7
Image
That did the trick! Thanks for the help! Can't believe after years of wanting to, I can finally run Mac OS X Server 1.2v3 (Rhapsody 5.6)
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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by Cat_7 »

Yes,

But without networking, and it is dead-slow ;-)

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Re: How Can I install Mac OS X Server 1.0 in QEMU?

Post by celebi23 »

Cat_7 wrote:Yes,

But without networking, and it is dead-slow ;-)

Best,
Cat_7
Yeah, exactly. Thanks again for the help!
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